Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy Attorneys – Chicago
HIE (Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy) is a very serious brain injury to a newborn. HIE is also known as birth asphyxia, newborn brain injury, perinatal asphyxia and is a birth injury.
HIE consists of three components:
- Hypoxia – there is lack of oxygen to tissues or organs
- Ischemia – blood flow & oxygen restriction to tissue that results in organ or tissue damage
- Encephalopathy – brain injury
HIE is when there is brain damage to the baby’s brain due to a restriction of blood and oxygen. The longer this restriction occurs, the more devastating the neurological outcome is for the baby.
Risk Factors – HIE Birth Injuries
Some conditions that could cause a lack of oxygen and blood to a baby’s brain include; eclampsia, a compressed umbilical cord, hyperstimulation of the uterus, uterin rupture, abdominal birth trauma, and uterine pressures. Seizures and high blood pressure in the mother during labor may also lead to a lack of oxygen and blood reaching the baby’s brain.
A fetal monitor is used is to monitor a mother’s contractions, uterus and the baby’s well being during labor. The fetal monitor – monitor’s the baby’s heart rate and response or tolerance to the labor. The fetal strips or monitor needs to be constantly watched for signs of fetal distress to the baby. Another risk factor to watch and monitor for HIE birth injuries is how many contractions a mother is having within a certain period of time. To many contractions in a short amount of time can cause complications.
What Are The Treatment Options & Consequences of HIE Brain Damage?
Of the babies that survive HIE, many of them will have significant and permanent brain damage. HIE can cause seizures, mental retardation, epilepsy, and many other disabilities and developmental issues. These issues can be cause for the need of breathing / feeding tubes, ventilators, wheelchairs, & life long treatment and care.