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What is an Organ Puncture or Perforation?

An organ puncture or perforation is when any organ tissue is torn, cut, or damaged. While this may occur due to illness natural causes, it may also occur due to medical procedures. The most commonly injured organ during surgery is the bowel. However, intestine, stomach, heart, lung, spleen, kidney, liver, and other forms of organ puncture or perforation are also possible.

Organ puncture can occur in almost any type of surgical procedure and some medical tests. Colonoscopies, liposuction surgeries, and laparoscopies have an elevated risk of organ puncture of perforation.

Complications of a Punctured Organ

A perforated or punctured organ may result in the loss of that organ’s function and/or the spread of dangerous infection. The end result can be serious injury, intrusive surgery, and death.

The most obvious result of a punctured or lacerated organ is the diminished ability to use that organ. For example, a punctured lung, limited liver, or heart injury can have severe and potentially fatal consequences.

However, perforated arteries also bring a risk of serious injury or death. A perforated bowel, kidney, or other organ can cause hazardous pathogens to spread throughout the body. This typically results in an infection called peritonitis. Once the peritonitis infection reaches the bloodstream, it spreads throughout the body and frequently leads to death. Treatment frequently requires a colostomy surgery which reroutes bodily waste into a bag outside of the body.

What are the Symptoms of a Punctured Organ?

Organ puncture and perforation symptoms vary depending upon the organ injured and the extent of the injury. However, some symptoms that may indicate a punctured organ include:

  • Low blood pressure
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Decreased breathing
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Bruising due to internal bleeding or hemorrhage.
  • Swollen abdomen
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Bowel dysfunction
  • Nausea
  • Pain in the abdominal area, hip, or groin
  • Vomiting

Organ Perforation and Puncture Injury Malpractice

Surgeons have a legal duty to use reasonable care to protect their patients and avoid lacerating or puncturing bodily organs. It is important to note that organ damage may sometimes occur despite a responsible doctor’s best efforts. In these instances, it is possible that no malpractice occurred. However, if the doctor was careless or failed to recognize and treat the injury during surgery, you may have grounds for a medical malpractice lawsuit.

Some ways that organ damage through perforation and puncture include:

  • Lacerating an artery or severing a nerve
  • Distracted doctors or assistants
  • Failure to follow proper surgical procedures
  • Puncturing or perforating an organ unrelated to surgery
  • Failure to identify punctures or perforations
  • Failure to properly repair punctures or perforations
  • Leaving medical instruments inside a patient
  • Making an incision that is too deep or in the wrong location
  • Momentarily carelessness
  • Causing an infection that leads to perforation

Did You Suffer an Organ Perforation Due to Medical Malpractice?

Our medical malpractice lawyers @ Gupta Law Group has the background and experience to determine whether a doctor’s malpractice led to your damaged heart, lung, colon, or other organ. It is generally complex to prove that any type of medical malpractice has occurred, including cases of surgically punctured or perforated organs. Doctors often argue that they acted responsibly and that the injury was a known risk of the procedure. In order to face these challenges, we will develop a customized plan to discover the truth and pursue your case. This typically includes getting your records quickly, having those records reviewed by experts, and using legal processes to get answers from your healthcare provider.


If you believe that your doctor punctured or ruptured an organ, contact Gupta Law Group for a free consultation. We help people and families throughout Illinois and Indiana. Cases are taken on a contingency fee basis, which means that you owe us nothing unless your claim is successful and results in compensation.


Gupta Law Group is conveniently located in Chicago, Illinois. We represent clients in Chicago and the Chicagoland suburbs including; Cook County, Lake County, DuPage County, Kane County, Will County, Northwest Indiana and the surrounding towns, communities and counties. Office Hours = MONDAY-FRIDAY (8AM - 5PM) 105 W Madison St. - Suite 1500 Chicago, IL 60602 Located on the corner of Madison St. & Clark St., Just Northeast of I-290 & I-90, and just West of Lake Shore Drive, we are located just West of Millenium Park & The Art Institute of Chicago